Oke et al. 2017

Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, Volume 15 (Number 2). August, 2017



Swine farm infestation with Culicoides species (biting midges) in Zaria, Nigeria

PO Oke1*, BE Oke2 & JO Adejinmi3


1.                  Department of Veterinary Parasitology & Entomology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria

2.                  Swine and Rabbit Research Programme, National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University Shika, Zaria, Nigeria

3.                  Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan Oyo state, Nigeria


*Correspondence: Tel.: +2348032851975; E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Collection of biting midges within a piggery farm using black-light suction traps revealed the presence of diverse species of Culicoides. Out of a total of one thousand four hundred and five (1.405) midges caught, one thousand three hundred and sixty-six (1,366) were identified as species in the genus Culicoides while the remaining thirty-nine (39) were unidentified members in the family Ceratopogonidae. The identified Culicoides were further classified into eight species based on their morphological characteristics as C. imicola, C. pycnostictus, C. oxystoma, C. milnei, C. subschultzei, C. enderleini, C. nevilli and C. krameri. There was dominance of females (93.67%) over the males (6.33 %) from the total collection. The presence of Culicoides species infesting pigs was established and the identified Culicoides species were incriminated to be mammophilic in feeding. Recommendation is made to determine the blood meal source and possibility of disease transmission.

Keywords: Culicoides species, Ceratopogonidae, Light-trap, Nigeria, Piggery, Zaria

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