Mahre et al. April 2016


Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, Volume 14 (Number 1). April, 2016


Anatomy of the female reproductive system of Rusa deer (Rusatimorensis)


MB Mahre1*, H Wahid2, Y Rosnina2, FFA Jesse2, AZ Jaji3, NA Ojo1, B Umaru1&TI Azmi3


  1. Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

  2. Department of Veterinary Clinical studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

  3. Department of Veterinary Preclinical studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia




*Correspondence: Tel.: +2348095002402, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Thestudy aims to present baseline data on the reproductive anatomy of a poorly known tropical deer species, Rusa deer (Rusatimorensis). The anatomyoffemalereproductivesystemisdescribedusing seven uniparoushinds, aged between four and eightyears.The various reproductive structures were studied via standard descriptive methods. There was a significant difference in the length and width of both right and left ovaries. The left ovary was slightly larger than the right ovary which indicates that it is physiologically more active. The results of the study showed that the anatomy of female reproductivesystemofR.timorensiswas similartothatobservedindomesticruminantsexceptthattheuterusdidnothaveaninterconualligament and this implies that the uterine horns are anchored in such a way that sperm deposited into only one uterine horn of the Rusa deer will be transported to the other uterine horn (interconualtransport). Unlike the red brocket deer and pampas deer, the cervix of R. timorensis wascharacterizedbysixcervicalringsprojectingintothecervicalcanal. Thisfeatureshouldbetakenintoaccountwhendesigningeffectiveinstrumentationandtechniquesfortranscervicalpassageofsemenduringartificialinseminationinthisspecies. The results from this study have provided baseline data on the reproductive anatomy of this vulnerable species, and the knowledge generated can be useful in the development of appropriate reproductive techniques in order to increase its population in captivityand also enable easy detection of its reproductive anomalies, thus strategies to propagate and conserve the species can established.

Keywords: Anatomy, Female, Reproductive system, Rusa deer, Timorensis


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