Peter et al., 2015


Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, Volume 13 (Number 3). December, 2015




Detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus antibodies in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Maiduguri, Nigeria


ID Peter1, AD El-Yuguda2, GD Mshelia1 & JS Dawurung3


  1. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria

  2. Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University Maiduguri, Nigeria

  3. WHO National Polio Laboratory, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria




*Correspondence: Tel.: +2348030640189, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in camels presented for slaughtered at the Maiduguri abattoir using a BVDV specific indirect enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Ninety (90) serum samples collected from adult male and female camels were tested for BVDV antibodies. From the samples tested, 28 (31.1%) were positive for BVDV. The sex distribution of the positive samples showed 7 (33.3%) males and 21 (30.4%) females were positive for BVDV antibodies. The results showed no statistically significant (p<0.05) difference in the sex prevalence of camels observed in the study. This finding demonstrates the presence of BVDV antibodies in camels in Maiduguri. Further studies will be required to elucidate the epidemiology of BVDV infection in camels and other livestock species in the study area.

Keywords: Antibodies, Bovine viral diarrhea virus, Camels, Nigeria, Seroprevalence


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